Scientists warn that cerebral edema disease with a death rate 40 to 75 times that of the corona virus could mutate and become the next pandemic killing millions, according to News.com.au
Sun Online reported that the Nipah virus caused by fruit bats is a serious threat, potentially triggering a new global pandemic epidemic.
What is the Nipah virus?
The disease was first discovered in Malaysia in 1999 with symptoms such as severe swelling of the brain, seizures and vomiting.
Outbreaks in South Asia and Southeast Asia show the virus to be extremely dangerous, with death rates between 40 and 75 percent.
According to Imperial College, the death rate from COVID-19 is around 1%, so compared to 40-75%, the Nipah virus is much more deadly than the corona virus.
It is also one of 16 priority pathogens in research and development by the World Health Organization (WHO) due to the potential for pandemic epidemics. In addition, Nipah is only one of 260 viruses with the potential to cause epidemics.
The virus is of particular concern because of its long incubation period of up to 45 days, which means that the patient is able to spread the virus for more than a month before becoming ill, in addition to being transmitted by species.
Warnings about the next pandemic
As COVID-19 devastates the world, killing nearly 2.5 million people, scientists warn the next pandemic could be even worse.
Dr Rebecca Dutch, dean of the University of Kentucky’s Department of Cellular and Molecular Biochemistry and a world leader in viral research, also warned of the possibility of a Nipah pandemic.
“Nipah is one of the viruses that could be at the origin of the new pandemic. Some things about Nipah are very worrying… The death rate from this virus is between 45% and 75% depending on the epidemic – so this rate is much higher than COVID-19. Nipah has been shown to be transmitted through food, as well as when exposed to human or animal secretions, ”she said.
Likewise, Dr Melanie Saville, director of vaccine research and development at CEPI, warned the world that the world must prepare for the next “major pandemic.”
“We know that a future pandemic is inevitable, there are many other emerging infectious diseases which are recognized as pandemic potential,” she said. This includes threats from known diseases, such as influenza, as well as new or unknown pathogens, which are [tentatively] “disease X”, “she said.
“With environmental changes such as climate change, habitat destruction and human encroachment into previously isolated areas, human interaction creates space. Fertility for viruses to enter between species and so we must be prepared for the next ‘great pandemic’, “warns Dr Saville.
Environmental writer John Vidal also predicts the world will face a pandemic the size of the Black Death.
“Humanity has changed its relationship with wildlife and domestic animals, destroying their habitats and bringing them together – and this process … is only accelerating,” he said.
“If we don’t appreciate the gravity of the situation, this current pandemic could just be a harbinger of something much worse,” Vidal added.
The world’s most serious pandemics
Here are the deadliest disease outbreaks in history – several times deadlier than the current COVID-19 outbreak.
• Black Death: The plague raged in Europe and Western Asia from 1346 to 1353, killing around 75 to 200 million people, or 60% of the European population.
It was most likely transmitted to humans by black rat-eating fleas on merchant ships in the Mediterranean before spreading across Europe and North Africa.
• Spanish flu: between 17 and 100 million people died in the pandemic that lasted from 1918 to 1920. There is currently no consensus in the scientific community on the origin of the virus that caused the pandemic, even s ‘he seems to have bird genes.
• The Justinian plague killed between 15 million and 100 million people in AD 541-542. The causative factor is believed to be the same bacteria that caused the Black Death plague.
It is believed that the plague was spread by rats carrying fleas – they entered the Byzantine Empire via grain ships from Egypt.
• The HIV / AIDs epidemic is still devastating parts of the world, with an estimated 35 million people killed by the virus since 1981.
• The third plague: The plague recurred in China in 1855, from where it spread and killed 15 million people. The WHO estimates that the bacteria were circulating until 1960 – only after that, did the pandemic end.